Assistance in Infrastructure, Shelter and Camp/Site Management Support for Rohingya Refugees (RISSM)
Location: Upazila: Teknaf, Dist: Cox’s Bazar
Project Area: Camp 21 (Chakmarkul), Camp 26 (Nayapara Extension) Nayapara Registered Camp, Camp 27 (Jadimura) and Choukhali
Donor: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
Direct Beneficiaries: 125,784
Total Beneficiaries: 125,784
Rohingya refugees living in targeted Camps will have improved living environments enabling them to live with safety, services accessibility, and dignity.
Upgraded shelter assistance with shelter structure reinforcement
Camp/site management support including disaster risk reduction measures
Emergency preparedness and response
Transition to Block system
Quick impact project
Small site works (Care and Maintenance)
Host community engagement
Planning review and reporting
As of December 2017, Bangladesh hosts more than 858,000 Rohingya from Myanmar. The Government of Bangladesh (GOB) refers to the Rohingya that arrived since August 2017 as Forcibly Displaced Persons from Myanmar (FDMN). Bangladesh is not a party to the 1951 Convention and does not have domestic legislation, decrees or policy in place that regulate the reception and protection of persons of concern.
The total Rohingya population could potentially grow to approximately 1,000,000 by the end of 2018. The current number includes an estimated 655,000 new arrivals from Myanmar after 25 August 2017. As of 30 October 2017, there were some 33,400 Rohingyas who arrived in 1990 and are registered in the joint database of UNHCR and RRRC in Kutupalong and Nayapara camps and some 200,000 unregistered Rohingyas who arrived between the cut-off date for refugee registration and the new August 2017 influx living in informal settlements. The Department of Immigration and Passports of Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA) has been conducting biometric registration of the Rohingya and the exact numbers will be clarified by early 2018 once it is linked to UNHCR’s Family counting data. The camps and the settlement are extremely congested, which increases the overall protection concerns for the population.
The drastic increase in the number of Rohingya arrivals has put a tremendous stress on existing humanitarian services in camps close to the border with Myanmar in districts Cox’s Bazar. To cope with this situation existing refugee’s camps were extended, and new settlements established. Due to this reality, a continuum of scaled-up humanitarian activities is required to save the lives of the newly arrived persons of concern. Additionally, the situation of the refugees living in the camps from the 1990s through to 2016 and the negative effects to the life of hosting communities needs to be considered for intervention to avoid and manage possible conflicts. Bangladesh is ranked the sixth among 10 countries affected by the extreme weather during the last 20 years. The country is prone to seasonal flooding and cyclones with essential effects to food security and livelihood. To address the needs of the new arrivals, the government is in need of international support and assistance. The upcoming rainy season will be an additional challenge for the humanitarian community.
ADRA undertook an upgrade shelter assistance with shelter structure reinforcement, site improvement and camp management including disaster risk reduction measurements interventions for Rohingya population which aimed to have adequate and appropriate shelter and communities benefitted in the form of distribution of shelter materials and shelter toolkits, site improvement, site management. ADRA provided technical assistance and guidance to those vulnerable households to complement upgrade shelter through provision of technical guidance and design support to enable refugees to build safer improved shelters and provided labor support to the extremely vulnerable individuals (EVI) like household headed with women, children, elderly persons, pregnant/lactating women and persons with disability and chronic disease. ADRA provided upgrade shelter assistance to the new arrivals in the areas of Nayapara Extension, Jadimura, Chakmarkul and Camp 7 (Zone: GG). ADRA did door to door shelter eligibility assessment through Kobo software. Every eligible beneficiary Household received 4 pcs Borak bamboo, 60 pcs Mulli bamboo, 1 kg 6 mm rope, 1 kg 3 mm rope, 0.5 kg of iron wire, 20 sandbags, and 2 tarpaulins (supplied by UNHCR). Every five-family got one toolkit (2 claw hammer, 2 hoes, 1 digging bar, 2 handsaw, 2 pliers, 5 bamboo baskets and 5 steel pans) to construct, reconstruct or repair their shelters.
Quick Impact Projects (QIP) will be taken up in consultation and support from the request of UNHCR pertinent sector and working group. According to the indicative needs, ADRA will undertake small-scale projects like repairing school, mosque, warehouse, army check post, pathway, roads and priority activities as assessed jointly with UNHCR.